KERRY PIPPIN Introduced by John Robertson of Kilkenny in 1802. A small, early dessert apple with firm flesh; crisp and juicy and with a rich fruity taste. Once said to be as ‘colourful as a tortoise-shell butterfly’, and prized for shop and table displays. Heavy crops and large flowers.

Pollination Group 2




KESWICK CODLIN Found on a compost heap at Gleaston Castle, Nr Ulverston, Lancashire, and distributed in the 1790s by John Sander of Keswick. An early cooking apple with the characteristic angular codlin shape; very juicy and refreshing when eaten raw and needing little sugar when cooked. Popular as a decorative tree because of its very pretty blossom and neat growth. Heavy crops, which store for a month or two. It was widely grown in Yorkshire as well as Cumbria, where it was valued for tarts as early as July.

Pollination Group 2



KEW PIPPIN Possibly the ‘missing’ Kew Admirable. An apple probably from the late 1700s, last recorded in Britain in 1895 and perhaps found alive and well and living in Tasmania, at the Grove Research Station. It is called Kew Pippin there, a known synonym of Kew Admirable. Although there is a Kew near Melbourne, Australia, we cannot find any evidence that another apple was named after it. After receiving scionwood from Grove, the first new trees were grafted here in 2005. Kew Admirable is likely to have come from Kirke’s nursery in Brompton as it was received by Diel in Germany from London in 1806 or 1811. It seems Diel renamed it Goldapfel Von Kew (which is also not to be found in Europe). It only really became known in Britain when Scott got it back from Germany, later in the 19th century. It is a late, medium sized, dessert apple with a golden skin, covered with russet in the stalk cavity. Half the apple colours up with a red blush. The eye is in a deep wide basin and closed with long sepals. The flesh is tender but firm, sweet, with complex flavours and good acidity. The flesh does not discolour.**

Pollination Group 4





KID'S ORANGE This is not Kidd’s Orange Red, but the name probably arose as a pun on it. It was one of the apples bred by either Frederick William Wastie or his son, James Frederick Wastie, at Eynsham, Oxford. Several other of their apples are included in our catalogue. Frederick William (Old Fred) started breeding at the start of the 20th century and his son (young Fred) continued in the 1920s onward. Young Fred did most of the naming and Kid’s Orange was named for one of his grandchildren, though never introduced or exhibited, as far as we know. Within the family it has been said that Young Fred bred a tree for each of his three grandchildren and this was the only one to survive. The orchard containing the original tree no longer exists. We had previously taken scions of many trees including this one. In 2015, Martyn Wastie brought us apples from another Kid’s Orange tree near Eynsham, so a tree still survives locally, and it is now time to make it available and record its history. The apples are medium to large, oval to conical apple, with bold red stripes and ripe in mid October. Crisp, sweet and richly flavoured.


KIDD’S ORANGE RED A New Zealand variety, introduced to England around 1932. It was bred by Kidd, a farmer with a passion for breeding English type apples. Showy fruit, orange-gold with pinky-red stripes and some russeting. Firm and juicy and developing a very flowery flavour, but it wants a warm climate with enough sunshine, so is not recommended for Scotland and the North. Attractive pink and white blossom. Late fruiting and storing into the New Year.

Pollination Group 4










KING CHARLES PEARMAIN First recorded by Hogg in 1876, who had acquired it from Worcestershire, but it is believed to be much older. A very late dessert apple with russeted green and gold skin, often red flushed near the sun. The conical apples have crisp, juicy flesh with a sweet, nutty flavour. The apples store until March.

Pollination Group 6








KING HARRY It was received by The Royal Horticultural Society from Mr Manning of London, who had it from near Woodstock, Oxfordshire. The first record was in 1842 but the apple is earlier. It was still in existence in Britain in the 1990s, at Allgrove’s Nursery, Buckinghamshire, now closed, and its fate is uncertain. We found the apple to have been in the U.S. Plant Genetic Resources Unit at Cornell University since 1949 and, following the receipt of scionwood from there, new trees were grafted here in 2005. It is a mid to late dessert apple which both Hogg and Bunyard rated highly. The size is small to medium and truncate conic. The skin is pale yellow with russet dots and the flesh is firm, tender and yellow, with a sweet, rich flavour. Growth is moderate and upright. **

Pollination Group 5


KING OF THE PIPPINS Reine des Reinettes, Golden Winter Pearmain, Prince's Pippin. Known since 1770, but probably much earlier. A multi-purpose dessert apple, used for cider in France and England, and for cooking in France, because it keeps its shape. It has been widely grown in all areas of England. When eaten raw it has firm flesh with a sweet and sharp, tangy, rich flavour. A reliable cropper, with golden skin flushed tawny red. A good cropper, part tip bearing, but willing to form spurs. It keeps until February. Hogg also describes another King of The Pippins, which is an early season apple, presumed missing. Attractive blossom with pink reverses.

Pollination Group 4





KING OF TOMPKINS COUNTY An American dessert apple, grown in America since at least 1804 and long valued and grown in Britain, having been introduced by Thomas Rivers of Sawbridgeworth, Hertfordshire, in the 19th century. Valued for its beautiful appearance; The fruit is often completely covered with glossy bright red. Large fruit, with sweet, juicy flesh, which keeps its shape when cooked, is rich and sweet and is good for open tarts. Ripe in October, with a little storage it becomes a very pleasant eating apple, as well. Strongly growing trees. T.

Pollination Group 3













KING'S ACRE PIPPIN A late dessert apple introduced in 1899 by King's Acre Nurseries in Hereford. Thought to be a cross between Ribston Pippin and Sturmer Pippin, it has the sweet/sharp Sturmer taste with the aromatic, juicy flesh of the Ribston. Vigorous trees, with a spreading habit and pretty blossom. Partially tip-bearing. Stores until February. T.

Pollination Group 4














KING'S HALL A new name for a very old apple variety, borne on an ancient, decayed and hollow tree, which is now more two trees than one, with the original trunk now largely missing. Yet sturdy boughs, held by the re-growing sides of the old trunk, still provide a good crop of apples. The tree is in the garden of King's Hall, a 12th century dwelling, once part of Ashwell Farm, in Little Kingshill, Buckinghamshire. The accepted history is that King's Hall was one of several monastic cells that housed the founders of Missenden Abbey, before it was founded in 1133. It was later used by King John for entertaining and carousing, thereby acquiring its name. A separate orchard contains many other old trees, but this one stands separate and stands out, as being rather special. The medium sized apples are an unusual shape, long and often with a curved fleshy extension at the stalk, rather like a long Lemon Pippin. Ripe in late October, they can be eaten fresh and are pleasant and lemony, but with modest sweetness and flavour, and slightly firm flesh. When cooked, the fruit takes a while to soften and then goes quickly and breaks up. The flavour is very rich and rather tart, balanced beautifully with the addition of just a little sugar. A very welcome discovery, only made possible by the care and curiosity of owners Jill and Ray Bate and whose help and hospitality, in their unique ‘Hall’, are greatly appreciated, as is their choice of the perfect name for their apple.